Testosterone Test: Levels, How It’s Done & Results

Testosterone Test Levels How It's Done Results

Ever questioned why some men have an incredibly lush beard or a deeper, more resonant voice? The answer doesn’t solely lie in one’s genetics—it’s also affected by the male sex hormone testosterone.

Testosterone—a hormone produced in a man’s testes by the Leydig cells—is responsible for a man’s physical traits and reproductive activities. While women also produce testosterone, men are by far the most significant carriers of it.

To ensure this hormone’s proper functioning and optimal health, a man’s testosterone levels need to be routinely monitored by way of a testosterone test.

This article will explain what a testosterone test is, how it’s done, and the potential implications of its results.It will also touch upon ways men can naturally boost testosterone if they are facing a testosterone deficiency.

What Does Testosterone Affect?

Testosterone is a vital male hormone that plays an important role in a man’s physical and reproductive development.

Some of the key things that testosterone regulates include the following:

  • Facial hair
  • Voice
  • Muscle mass growth
  • Fat distribution
  • Sperm motility
  • Libido

As mentioned earlier, testosterone is produced in the testes. However, testosterone production is first initiated by the pituitary gland, which sends signals to the testes to produce more testosterone whenever there’s a shortage.

Similarly, the pituitary gland will also tell the testes to slow down production if it notices that the body’s testosterone level is too high.

However, there may be circumstances wherein this balance gets disrupted, leading to either a deficiency or an excess of testosterone in the body. The best way to determine this is by undergoing a testosterone test.

What Is a Testosterone Blood Test?

A testosterone test is a clinical assessment used to measure a person’s testosterone levels. It involves collecting and testing the patient’s blood or saliva sample. The testosterone levels in the blood give a better indication of the total testosterone levels in a patient’s body.

Three types of testosterone tests measure the testosterone levels in the body. These are:

  • Total testosterone test: The most common test that measures both free and bioavailable testosterone.
  • Free testosterone test: Measures active testosterone in the bloodstream to diagnose medical conditions.
  • Bioavailable testosterone test: Measures testosterone attached to albumin to diagnose medical conditions.

Testosterone tends to circulate the bloodstream bound by a protein called sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG). A tiny percentage (about 2%) of testosterone remains unbound, and this is known as “free testosterone.”

Total testosterone refers to the combined sum of SHBG-bound testosterone and free testosterone.

How Is a Testosterone Test Performed?

How Is a Testosterone Test Performed results measurement meaning ways to boost

The procedure to carry out a testosterone test involves a quick blood sample. It’s usually conducted during the early morning sometime between 7 AM to 10 AM as that’s when testosterone production is at its peak. Your doctor may also require you to fast for 12 hours before the test to ensure accurate results.

A healthcare professional will use an empty needle to suck out blood from a vein in your arm. The needle will stay in your arm only momentarily—less than 10 seconds at most. The feeling of a string is present but minimal. This blood sample will then be put in a vial or test tube to be given to a laboratory.

After some time passes, they’ll evaluate your blood sample and report the results.

What Do the Results Mean?

Besides the number of testosterone presently circulating in your body, doctors will also examine your testosterone test results relative to your age, present health conditions, and other test results.

Each person will have a different set of circumstances regarding their health status, so talking with a doctor to interpret your results is the best course of action.

As a general benchmark, here are the average ranges for testosterone levels in healthy men, considering their age range:

  • Men aged 20-24 years old: 409-558 ng/dL
  • Men aged 25-29 years old: 413-575 ng/dL
  • Men aged 30-34 years old: 359-498 ng/dL
  • Men aged 35-39 years old: 352-478 ng/dL
  • Men aged 40-44 years old: 350-473 ng/dL
  • Men aged 70 years old: 282-606 ng/dL

These observations have also found that testosterone tends to naturally decline with age, usually at a rate between0.8 to 2% per year.

Furthermore, medical guidelines have imposed that a normal testosterone range is anywhere between the threshold of 300 ng/dL to 1,000 ng/dL.

For people who fall below this threshold, which is a common but abnormal occurrence for aged individuals, testosterone replacement therapy is often prescribed to help bring the testosterone levels back into balance.

Hypogonadism or testosterone deficiency can be asymptomatic. Furthermore, it’s estimated that 1 in 5 men over 60 and 1 in 2 men over 80 have testosterone levels that fall below the threshold.

With these things considered, it’s important to get in touch with a medical professional to have your testosterone levels checked and determine if you need any treatment.

How to Boost Testosterone Levels

Low testosterone can lead to a host of worrisome health problems, such as osteoporosis, increased fatigue, and obesity. This is on top of the dry spell in the bedroom that comes with a testosterone deficiency.

Fortunately, there are ways to naturally boost your testosterone levels if they fall below the normal range. These include a combination of medical and non-medical treatments, such as:

  1. Testosterone replacement therapy: This is one of the most popular methods for managing low testosterone. It involves using medical treatments, such as oral medications and topical gels, to supplement testosterone levels in your body.
  2. Dietary and lifestyle changes: Eating a balanced diet full of testosterone boosting foods, exercising with weights, and getting good-quality sleep are ways you can boost testosterone levels. Avoiding opioids and alcohol also helps.
  3. Take vitamins and supplements: Vitamin D, zinc, and magnesium supplementation can correct testosterone deficiency.
  4. Review your medications: Some medications can adversely affect testosterone levels. Talk with your doctor to know whether your medications are helping or hurting you.

Take Charge of Your Sexual Health with the Top Men’s Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida

Take Charge of Your Sexual Health with the Top Men's Clinic in Jacksonville Florida

A testosterone deficiency doesn’t have to be the end of your world.

At Prime Men’s Medical Center in Jacksonville, Florida, we specialize in restoring your sexual health and helping you live your best life.

Our board-certified physicians are experienced and knowledgeable, offering breakthrough medical treatments that help alleviate erectile dysfunction, overcome PE, restore hormone imbalances, increase energy, and boost sexual performance.

Contact us today for a free consultation.

How Men with Diabetes Can Overcome Erectile Dysfunction

Living with diabetes exposes men to several potential complications including erectile dysfunction (ED). But that doesn’t mean they can’t have a healthy sex life. There are plenty of ways to remedy sexual dysfunction, especially for people that properly manage their high blood sugar. In…

How to Improve Men’s Sexual Health After Cancer

Cancer and cancer treatments can take a toll on a man’s body. Even when you have recovered from active cancer, the side effects of this condition—and its treatments—can leave behind a devastating health aftermath in its wake. Among these changes is your sexual health…

Can Prostate Cancer Cause Erectile Dysfunction?

Let’s state some truths: the grass is green, the sky is blue, and prostate cancer is incredibly common. Across Europe, prostate cancer accounts for an astonishing 23% of all male cancer diagnoses and 10% of male cancer deaths. The numbers aren’t too far apart…

Low Testosterone: Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Does your mood swing in a matter of seconds? Can’t remember where you left your keys or the file your boss repeatedly reminded you to bring? Too tired to get out of bed sometimes? If these are a few scenarios you face daily, then…

How to Treat Peyronie’s Disease (5 Methods)

No organ is quite like the penis. It’s highly sensitive and complex—and can be affected by a long list of conditions, including Peyronie’s disease. Peyronie’s disease is marked by the buildup of scar tissue in the erectile tissues, leading to painful and curved erections…

Does Testosterone Therapy (TRT) Increase the Risk of a Heart Attack?

Testosterone replacement therapy is often praised as a breakthrough treatment for men suffering from low testosterone levels. This clinical therapy administers testosterone-boosting products such as gels, injections, patches, and pills that exogenously raise the body’s testosterone levels. For the most part, testosterone is effective…

Headaches from Viagra? 6 Ways to Prevent Headaches from ED Pills

Have you experienced the dreaded Viagra headache? Are these headaches so severe that they’ve diminished your desire to have sex entirely? If so, you’re not alone. Erectile dysfunction—also known as the inability to get or maintain an erection—can be a debilitating health condition. One…

Viagra & Blood Pressure: How Sildenafil Affects the Heart

Sexual dysfunction can be a harrowing ordeal, especially if it happens all of a sudden. One day, you’re enjoying a healthy sex life; the next, you’re having trouble keeping it up. Despite how crippling these situations can be, the majority of sexual dysfunction cases…

Can Low Testosterone Shorten Male Lifespan?

Can low testosterone shorten lifespan of males? The short answer: Yes, it can. The concept of testosterone affecting your lifespan is not a novel one. Epidemiological studies have found that men with low testosterone have an increased risk of mortality than those with healthy…

Can Being Sick Cause Erectile Dysfunction?

Some days you just wake up feeling absolutely exhausted. Getting up in the morning becomes excruciatingly difficult, your body fails to cooperate with you, and you’re stifling a never-ending stream of colds. You might also experience a scratchy throat, digestive problems, and a fever.…

BPH Symptoms: 7 Signs of an Enlarged Prostate

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a non-cancerous medical condition that primarily affects older men. It’s when the prostate gland—a small, walnut-shaped gland that sits just below the bladder—becomes enlarged. As the prostate enlarges, it can squeeze or partially block the urethra—the passageway that carries…

5 Ways for Men to Increase Energy Levels

Have you ever caught yourself snoozing your alarm to catch more minutes of sleep? Do you often doze during a crucial meeting or on the commute home? If you have done any of those things before, you’re not alone. Feeling tired is a universal…
Proudly Featured On
ESPN Radio logo
ABC News logo
Fox News Radio logo
CBS Sports Radio logo
NBC Sports Radio logo